Pompeii                                          PAGE DEVELOPED BY: Andrew Hrivnak 2006


The most well preserved ruin of the Ancient Roman Empire
- Located in the Bay of Naples, Italy.
- Is suspected to have been a moderately sized town of prosperous nature
- In 79 CE Pompeii was covered by a thick layer of volcanic ash from the violent eruption of Mount Vesivius
- The ruins of Pompeii would remain untouched untill almost 1700 years later

Key Definitions / Terms
Excavate: to make hollow by removing the inner part; make a hole or cavity in.
- Impluvium: In Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in the atrium or peristyle to recieve the water from the roof.
- Vestibulum: A cavity, chamber, or channel; vestibule.

Historical Significance
- When the Romans arrived in Pompeii in the year 89 BCE, the land was rich in natural resources and fertile farmland
- Until the eruption of Mount Vesuvius Pompeii flourished in rich agriculture and trading
- Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE and covered Pompeii in a thick layer of ash (about 30 feet deep)
- The discovery of Pompeii in 1748 gave archaologists concrete evidence of Roman architecture at the beginning of recorded time.
- Excavations at Pompeii have led to the finding of the largest Roman estate in the ancient city

Interesting Facts
- The ruin of Pompeii included two theatres, a gladiator ring, and multiple temples
- In ancient Pompeii, the city was equipped with running water and the occasional "swimming pool"


Ruins of Ancient Pompeii

Map of Ancient Pompeii

The remains of Pompeii volcano victims

Map of the Ancient Roman Empire

Pompeii fountain and wall paintings

Related Links:


MSU Emuseum. Pompeii. 2003. 9 May 2007 <http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/archaeology/sites/europe/pompeii.html>
Newman, Garfield. Echoes from the Past. Toronto, ON, Canada : McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 2001.

Ruins of Ancient Pompeii

Ancient well in the city of Pompeii

Baking oven in Pompeii ruins

Artifacts excavated from Pompeii ashes


  1. Which volcano erupted burying Pompeii in ashes?
    1. Mount Vesuvius
    2. Mount Vaughn
    3. Mount Hrivnak
    4. Mount Vestis

  2. In what year was Pompeii lost in the ashes?
    1. 50 BCE
    2. 79 CE
    3. 79 BCE
    4. 50 CE

  3. In what present day country is Pompeii located?

    1. Rome
    2. Italy
    3. Greece
    4. Turkey

  4. Approximately how deep was the ash that covered Pompeii?

1. 50 feet
2. 20 feet
3. 100 feet
4. 30 feet


    5.  The Ancient City of Pompeii had a gladiator ring.

    1. True
    2. False